Electric vehicles (EV’s) have been steadily on the rise for nearly ten years now. Originally it was just Tesla stealing the show with its electric vehicles, but now others such as Chevy, BMW, and Nissan have also jumped on board with this technology too. None of it would have been possible without the use of the lithium ion battery, and currently is still the most popular battery used in EV’s today. Some of the batteries in use make it possible for the car to go up to 200 miles per single charge and are relatively inexpensive too, meaning the cost of the EV’s are coming down too.
But, have lithium ion batteries now reached their peak performance? If so, is that the best we can expect from EV’s from now on, or will there be a replacement? That is the big dilemma on many auto manufacturers’ minds at the moment. While supercapacitors have been toyed with as they are super fast charging in comparison to lithium ion batteries, they don’t hold a lot of charges.
Two possible candidates that may become the next battery to be used commercially in EV’s are lithium sulfur and magnesium batteries. While both are a variation of the current lithium ion battery, their performance capabilities are much greater. Both these variations can give as much as five times the driving range and cost less than the standard lithium-ion batteries used today.
There may still be a few issues to iron out in regards to EV batteries in regards to charging times and making more charging points readily accessible, but eventually, EV’s will take over. Experts already predict that by the mid-2020’s EV’s will be cheaper to produce than gas-powered vehicles, so you can be sure we’ll all be seeing much more of them on the road soon. But as to what type of battery they will power by, we will have to wait and see.
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